MALE INFERTILITY: DIAGNOSIS & TREATMENT
Simply put, a man’s inability to cause pregnancy in a fertile female is termed as male infertility. It affects approx. 7% of all men, and is most likely to be caused as a result of semen deficiencies. Many couples go through complications in pregnancy due to male infertility, which not just lowers the man’s self-confidence, but also complicates the simple process of conceiving.
What causes male infertility?
A number of reasons such as production of insufficient quantity or poor quality of sperm cause infertility in men. The man may produce low numbers of sperm, and even if he does, the sperm may not work properly. Moreover, many men suffer from sperm transport issues or blockages in the tubes leading sperm away from the testes. Other factors include inability of the semen to enter the female’s vagina for fertilisation, low levels of hormones, and sperm antibodies.
The diagnosis of infertility in men includes a thorough examination of medical history, physical assessment, hormone tests, and semen analysis.
Urine test: This is to detect whether there’s an infection.
Hormonal tests: The doctor will evaluate the levels of testosterone, and determine the overall balance of the hormonal system.
Semen analysis: During diagnosis, the semen is measured basis the volume as well as sperm number, and the ability of sperms to move spontaneously.
Other tests include a seminal fructose test, ultrasound, vasography, testicular biopsy and genetic testing. It is based on the levels of the patient that the doctor will be able to suggest appropriate treatment options to cause pregnancy.
Infertility treatment options can range from a surgery to medication and hormonal fixing. Following is an in-depth account of male infertility treatments, depending upon the causes detected during diagnosis.
- Surgery: The doctor may repair anatomic abnormalities and undo any damage to reproductive organs.
- Medication: The doctor may prescribe medicines that treat hormonal imbalances and erectile dysfunction.
- Others: The doctor may suggest a third-party donor to inseminate the female, so as to cause pregnancy without
complications. Other reproductive technologies such as In Vitro Fertilisation can also be considered.
If you’re dealing with male fertility, don’t hesitate to consult your health care provider right away. Pregnancy is one of the most critical times for you and your partner, and so, it’s best to seek professional assistance at the earliest.